Cockpit & passenger cabin design

The AnyBody Modeling System enables you to design work environments that are optimal for human biomechanical performance, with minimal investment of your company’s resources. This helps you unlock vast improvements in the efficiency, performance and comfort of flight crews and passengers alike. Investigate the ergonomics of a population in conjunction with an adjustable environment. Thousands of body models can be generated within the variability of a population, placed in conjunction with the product and evaluated for comfort e.g., how to make an airplane seat more comfortable.



  • Design Optimization of Airline Seats (airplane seat comfort and discomfort from muscle fatigue and shear forces.)
  • Systemic variation of parameters for identification of optimal movement patterns between the seat pan and backrest
  • Simulation of flight operations based on environmental constraints of the cockpit
  • Flying posture simulation studies
  • Ergonomic simulation of package design
  • Perceived postural comfort in cockpit design
  • Reach analysis – Anthropometric reach analysis
  • Cockpit ergonomics


Examples of input and output for an occupant model:


  • Parameters for airline interior
  • Population specification


  • Muscle activities for individual muscles
  • Joint reaction forces
  • Comfort / discomfort measures

Contact us to learn more or to discuss how we could solve your problem

The steps to model this can be the following

  1. Import CAD airline / cockpit environment using the AnyBody Exporter for SOLIDWORKS See AnyBody Exporter for SOLIDWORKS® | SOLIDWORKS and Making Models using SOLIDWORKS
  2. Specify the size of the human model
    See e.g., Statistical Scaling Plugin
  3. Connect the human model to the seat and other elements of the vehicle interior using kinematic constraints.
  4. Define motion of the remaining degrees of freedom (DOF) in the human model
  5. Define the force interaction between the human seat and interior, ensure e.g., foot contact with the pedals or footrest
  6. Implement force response on interior components
  7. Define measures for comfort based on model output e.g., based on muscle activity.
  8. Run the model
  9. Evaluate the comfort measure.

Selected papers

  • Wolf P, Rausch J, Hennes N, Potthast W (2021), “The effects of joint angle variability and different driving load scenarios on maximum muscle activity – A driving posture simulation study“, Int. J. Ind. Ergon., vol. 84, pp. 103161. [DOIWWW]
  • Trapanese S, Naddeo A, Cappetti N (2016), “A Preventive Evaluation of Perceived Postural Comfort in Car-Cockpit Design: Differences between the Postural Approach and the Accurate Muscular Simulation under Different Load Conditions in the Case of Steering-Wheel Usage“, In: SAE Technical Paper Series. [DOIWWW]
  • Yang Z, Zheng Y, Fu S (2013), “Simulation of Pushing the Push-Pull Rod Action Based on Human Body Dynamics“, In: Digital Human Modeling and Applications in Health, Safety, Ergonomics, and Risk Management. Human Body Modeling and Ergonomics, pp. 393-401. [DOIWWW]
  • Rasmussen J, de Zee M (2008), “Design Optimization of Airline Seats“, SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars – Electron. Electr. Syst., vol. 1, pp. 580-584. [DOIWWW]
  • Siebertz K, Rausch J (2008), “The AnyBody Car Driver Model, a CAE tool to evaluate comfort“, Conference article from FISITA. [WWW]
  • See more aerospace related publications
  • See more automotive related publications