Ergonomic evaluation of work environments

Perform workplace analysis with simulation-driven ergonomic assessment and extend conventional ergonomic assessment standards (e.g., Rapid Upper Limb Assessment – RULA) with biomechanical parameters as muscle activity and forces, joint reaction forces, and metabolism. Understand the biomechanical factors affecting the worker’s health and identify the risk of musculoskeletal injuries.

The AnyBody Modeling System allows you to analyze work situations (with and without assistive devices such as exoskeletons) by comparing subjects, scenarios, trends, statistics, and visualizations to review the intervention effects.


  • Static, quasi-static and dynamic analyses of manual lifting tasks
  • Musculoskeletal injury risk factor assessment in work tasks (e.g., manual material handling)
  • Enhancement of conventional ergonomic assessment standards with biomechanical parameters as muscle activity and forces, joint reaction forces and metabolism
  • Biomechanical parameters to estimate physical fatigue from the perspectives of external loads and working postures
  • Ergonomic analysis and redesign of an assembly line (based on muscle activations and joint reaction forces)
  • Body load analysis (e.g., spinal loading)
  • Fatigue simulation
  • Reach analysis

Contact us to learn more or to discuss how we could solve your problem

Selected papers

  • Skals SL (2021), “Musculoskeletal modelling of manual material handling in the supermarket sector”, Ph.D. Thesis, Aalborg University, Denmark.
  • Skals S, Bláfoss R, de Zee M, Andersen LL, Andersen MS (2021), “Effects of load mass and position on the dynamic loading of the knees, shoulders and lumbar spine during lifting: a musculoskeletal modelling approach”, Appl. Ergon., vol. 96, pp. 103491. [DOIWWW]
  • Ghezelbash F, Shirazi-Adl A, Plamondon A, Arjmand N (2020), “Comparison of different lifting analysis tools in estimating lower spinal loads – Evaluation of NIOSH criterion”, J. Biomech., vol. 112, pp. 110024. [DOI]
  • Larsen FG, Svenningsen FP, Andersen MS, de Zee M, Skals S (2020), “Estimation of Spinal Loading During Manual Materials Handling Using Inertial Motion Capture”, Ann. Biomed. Eng., vol. 48, pp. 805-821. [DOI]
  • Wiggermann N, Zhou J, McGann N (2020), “Effect of Repositioning Aids and Patient Weight on Biomechanical Stresses When Repositioning Patients in Bed”, Hum. Factors, pp. 18720819895850. [DOI]
  • Zhou J, Wiggermann N (2020), “The effects of hospital bed features on physical stresses on caregivers when repositioning patients in bed”, Appl. Ergon., vol. 90, pp. 103259. [DOI]
  • Behjati M, Arjmand N (2018), “Biomechanical Assessment of the NIOSH Lifting Equation in Asymmetric Load-Handling Activities Using a Detailed Musculoskeletal Model”, Hum. Factors, vol. 61, pp. 18720818795038. [DOI]
  • Atici H, Gonen D, Oral A, Kaya B (2017), “Ergonomic Analysis of an Assembly Line Using the AnyBody Modeling System”, International Conference of Management and Industrial Engineering. [WWW]
  • Li X, Komeili A, Gül M, El-Rich M (2017), “A framework for evaluating muscle activity during repetitive manual material handling in construction manufacturing”, Autom. Constr., vol. 79, pp. 39-48. [DOIWWW]
  • More ergonomics publications