Skiing – equipment, injury risk etc.

Perform Skiing movement analysis with the AnyBody Modeling System and investigate muscle activity and joint loading during various skiing techniques. Import, test, and evaluate different skiing equipment and its interaction with the human body as a way of product optimization. Compare across product variations and models of different anthropometrics to assess injury risk and performance.


  • Performance analysis in cross-country sit-skiing
  • Skiing efficiency
  • Biomechanics of Cross-country skiing
  • Equipment development
  • Injury prevention strategies

Selected papers:

  • Lace KL, Błażkiewicz M (2021), “How does the ski boot affect human gait and joint loading?“, Biomed. Hum. Kinet., vol. 13, pp. 163-169. [DOIWWW]
  • Kurpiers N, McAlpine P, Kersting UG (2020), “A biomechanical field testing approach in snow sports: Case studies toward a detailed analysis of joint loading“, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part P: Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology, pp. 1754337120918037. [DOI]
  • Lund Ohlsson M, Danvind J, Holmberg LJ (2018), “Shoulder and Lower Back Joint Reaction Forces in Seated Double Poling“, J. Appl. Biomech., vol. 34, pp. 369-376. [DOI]
  • Lund Ohlsson M, Laaksonen MS (2017), “Sitting position affects performance in cross-country sit-skiing“, Eur. J. Appl. Physiol., vol. 117, pp. 1095-1106. [DOI]
  • Holmberg LJ, Lund Ohlsson M, Supej M, Holmberg HC (2013), “Skiing efficiency versus performance in double-poling ergometry”, Comput. Methods Biomech. Biomed. Engin., vol. 16, pp. 987-992. [DOI]
  • Holmberg JL (2012), “Musculoskeletal Biomechanics in Cross-country Skiing”, Thesis, Linköping University, Sweden. [WWW]