Ingress & egress simulation analysis

The AnyBody Modeling System can be used as an ingress / egress simulation software to evaluate the dynamics of ingress and egress. Typically, this is done using a model driven and loaded by motion capture data. This type of model allows detailed insight into internal body parameters as muscle and joint forces while doing the motion.


  • Ingress and egress simulation answers
  • Evaluation of the ingress / egress motion
  • Elder-friendly vehicle ingress design
  • Comfort / discomfort evaluation of car ingress motion

Examples of input and output for a model of ingress / egress:

  • Input:
  • Motion capture data (C3D/BVH)
  • Force plate data (C3D)
  • Output:
  • Muscle and joint reaction forces
  • Motion of joints
  • And much more

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  1. Start with the motion capture model Multi trial MoCap Model to define the experimental setup
  2. Define the experimental setup by defining the force plates (if any)
  3. Run the motion analysis
  4. Run the inverse dynamic analysis
  5. Evaluate the output
  • 2009 Schwirtz A, Bichler R, Kaiser R (2009), "Method for biomechanical evaluation of the ingress and egress motion", ANSYS Conference & 27th.CADFEM Users’ Meeting. [PDF]
  • 2005 Rasmussen J, Christensen ST (2005), "Musculoskeletal Modeling of Egress with the AnyBody Modeling System", In: SAE Technical Paper Series, pp. 822-828. [DOI, WWW]
  • 2010 Ting-Liters C (2010), "Design an elder-friendly vehicle ingress space using musculoskeletal simulation", Thesis, National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan. [WWW]
  • 2009 Kim SH, Lee K (2009), "Development of discomfort evaluation method for car ingress motion", Int. J. Automot. Technol. Manage., vol. 10, pp. 619-627. [DOI]
  • More automotive related papers