Ingress and egress analysis

The AnyBody Modeling System can be used as an ingress / egress simulation software to evaluate the dynamics of ingress and egress. Typically, this is done using a model driven and loaded by motion capture data. This type of model allows detailed insight into internal body parameters as muscle and joint forces while doing the motion.


  • Ingress and egress simulation answers
  • Evaluation of the ingress / egress motion
  • Elder-friendly ingress design
  • Comfort / discomfort evaluation of airplane ingress motion

Examples of input and output for a model of ingress / egress:


  • Motion capture data (C3D/BVH)
  • Force plate data (C3D)


  • Muscle and joint reaction forces
  • Motion of joints
  • And much more

Contact us more or to discuss how we could solve your problem

Selected papers

  • 2009 Schwirtz A, Bichler R, Kaiser R (2009), “Method for biomechanical evaluation of the ingress and egress motion“, ANSYS Conference & 27th.CADFEM Users’ Meeting. [PDF]
  • 2005 Rasmussen J, Christensen ST (2005), “Musculoskeletal Modeling of Egress with the AnyBody Modeling System“, In: SAE Technical Paper Series, pp. 822-828. [DOIWWW]
  • 2010 Ting-Liters C (2010), “Design an elder-friendly vehicle ingress space using musculoskeletal simulation“, Thesis, National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan. [WWW]
  • 2009 Kim SH, Lee K (2009), “Development of discomfort evaluation method for car ingress motion“, Int. J. Automot. Technol. Manage., vol. 10, pp. 619-627. [DOI]
  • See more aerospace related publications
  • See more automotive related publications